Stem cells are understood to be biological cells that can divide and differentiate into specialized cell kinds and possess a potential to recreate tissue throughout a lifetime. In adults, stem cells function as a restoration system for one’s body. It is this distinct capacity of these stem cells which makes them effective in treating diseases.
The development of stem cell treatment is a medical innovation that may give hope to huge numbers of people around the globe that are suffering from various diseases. Researchers believe that stem cells present a great possibility in the treatment of illnesses and injuries.
The treatment calls for the application of intensive high-dose chemotherapy to destroy cancerous cells. This application, however, will destroy the good cells together with the cancerous ones, and for that reason new stem cells have to be transplanted into the bone marrow.
Stem cells have the function of making blood cells. Consequently, they are able to restore and replenish what the chemotherapy removed. Barring complications, the transplanted stem cells should begin producing normal ones and effectively “treat” the sickness. Because of this, the procedure is occasionally also known as bone marrow transplant. Stem cells may be collected from the bone marrow, blood or blood from the umbilical cord of a new born baby.
Stem cell treatment has two classifications: the autologous transplant and the allogenic transplant. The first one designates stem cells being obtained from a patient’s own body. The stem cells are obtained while a patient is free of any symptom of sickness following chemotherapy.
Allogenic transplant, on the other hand, makes use of stem cells obtained from somebody else. Often, a close relative is chosen as donor to enhance greater potential for a close match. Of course, non-relatives may be donors if found matched to the patient.
Like any treatment, stem cell therapy has its own risks. Infection is the primary danger since the patient’s body normally registers reduced immunity levels after contact with intense chemotherapy. During these times, the patient is at risk of getting life-threatening infections. Bleeding problems may also be encountered because of low platelet levels. The contact with intense chemotherapy can likewise have short-term and long-term unwanted effects.
Even the origin of stem cells might also subject the patient to further risks. If the stem cells are not taken from the patient’s own body, there’s a tendency that the match isn’t going to be ideal. The donor cells might react with the patient’s own cells; this might cause serious problems. However, many doctors have noticed that – as long as the procedure was done correctly – transplanted stem cells seldom fail to work effectively.
Find out more about stem cell treatment here.