There are two kinds of an aortic aneurysm. They are thoracic and abdominal. When the wall of an artery bulges out it causes this condition. This is a serious medical emergency because this is the main tube that feeds blood to the entire body from its center pump, the heart. When this happens, aortic aneurysm surgery is usually required.
Anyone can develop this type of condition and the cause is unknown however there are some risk factors that could make it even more possible to develop. They are smoking, being male, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, family history, being overweight and emphysema.
Slowly, subtly but progressively this condition that has no known symptoms sneaks up on an individual. When these symptoms arise this is the time to seek medical help right away. Some symptoms include cold and clammy skin, fast heart rate, stroke, throwing up and pain. A quick onset of pain in the abdominal cavity or in the back that diffuses to the legs, buttocks or groin area are signs that you seek help quickly.
If the abdomen is stiff, hard or a mass is felt by the doctor upon an examination some tests will be ordered for pictures of this region. A CT scan and/or and ultrasound are the tests that will be done. Pulses will also be checked by the doctor in the abdomen and in the legs. Even though symptoms are present these tests can be performed.
Blood found in the cavity of the body is a sign that an abdominal aortic repair operation must be administered. If they find the bulge is small and is not bleeding then a discussion between the doctor and the patient will be necessary to determine whether an operation will be performed. Risk stratification will be the determining factor of this decision. If a person decides against the operation he or she should be examined every six months to be sure it isn’t growing.
A quickly growing mass that is greater in width than 2 inches will require a surgical procedure. It is far better to allow this operation to be performed than to have worsening symptoms and greater complications. The two types for this are a traditional repair and an endovascular stent grafting.
The outlook for a ruptured aorta aneurysm is not very good. Approximately 80% of those with this emergency do not survive the aortic aneurysm surgery. The complications due to this rupture include hypovolemic shock, arterial embolism, heart attack, stroke, and kidney failure. Prevention is worth a pound of cure so to reduce risk a person should eat a diet that is heart healthy, exercise, reduce stress and quit smoking. People who are over 65 and who have ever smoked in their life should get a screening at least one time.
NYU Cardiac and Vascular Institute specializes in aortic aneurysm operations. Visit them online for details! (http://cardiac-surgery.med.nyu.edu)